Plaque Psoriasis

Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis.

Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis.

Psoriasis is called an autoimmune disease because it occurs when T-cells that usually fight viruses and bacteria in the body attack healthy cells instead. The T-cells also join with neutrophils (white blood cells) to accelerate the build-up of the warm, red skin lesions that make up psoriasis. This disease is caused by both genetics and environmental factors.

Plaque psoriasis usually appears as patches, or plaques, on the scalp, knees, elbows, and/or back. The plaques are red and raised and covered with a scaly cell mass. These can hurt, itch, crack and bleed.

Plaque psoriasis may start as a rash, but if it doesn’t go away, or if you have any of the symptoms mentioned, you may want to see your dermatologist for treatment.

After your dermatologist diagnoses the plaque psoriasis, treatment can begin. Sometimes it takes a variety of treatments!

Your dermatologist may treat with topical creams, with or without steroids, to soothe cell growth and inflammation. Ultraviolet light treatment, called phototherapy, can also help treat and manage plaque psoriasis.

Prescription drugs are also used in some cases of plaque psoriasis. Cases that have not been resolved by other treatments, or that are combined with psoriatic arthritis sometimes can respond to drugs taken orally, by injection, or by infusion.

While plaque psoriasis can be managed and sometimes disappear for a while, it can’t be cured. Working with your dermatologist will give you the best care and treatment options.

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