Types of Birthmarks and Treatment

Birthmarks are skin abnormalities that are present at birth or appear soon after birth.

Birthmarks are divided into two main categories: vascular or pigmented. Vascular birthmarks are the result of an overgrowth of blood vessels. Birthmarks in this category include: port wine stains, hemangiomas and stork bites. Examples of pigmented birthmarks include: café au lait spots, Mongolian spots and moles.

There is no way to prevent birthmarks and they are not caused by anything a woman does or does not do during pregnancy. The majority of birthmarks are not harmful, but some carry cosmetic concerns.

A dermatologist should evaluate any birthmark as soon as it develops. This is to identify the type of birthmark and to establish a baseline making it possible to monitor any changes that may occur in the future. Your dermatologist should also evaluate changes in birthmarks including bleeding, itching and pain.

Treatment usually depends on birthmark type, severity and location. Some common pigmented birthmarks and treatment options are:

The following are vascular birthmarks and treatment options:

Even birthmarks that are not physically harmful can impact a child’s self-esteem. If you have questions or concerns about a birthmark, talk with your dermatologist about treatment options.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Help! I'm Embarrassed by This Mole

If you have an embarrassing mole, getting it checked out and removed by an expert can go a long way in providing emotional ease. Mole removal may also help protect you from serious health consequences, such as advanced skin cancer.

4 Ways to Treat Hair Loss

Patches of baldness or larger amounts of hair in your brush can be pretty upsetting. We can help treat these signs of alopecia through several noninvasive treatments, including light therapy and different types of medications.

When Should I Seek Help for a Rash?

While some rashes are quite mild and temporary, others require swift medical care. Getting care from a dermatologist when rash symptoms set in can help determine the underlying cause and your ideal treatment.

Can Anybody Get a Chemical Peel?

Chemical peels can enhance your appearance by bringing about new, healthy skin — but are they for everyone? Before scheduling a chemical peel, consider whether you’re a good candidate.

Got Age Spots? We Have Solutions

Do you notice unsightly age spots on your face, hands, and elsewhere? Your skin sustains sun damage that can result in age spots. Keep reading to learn about your options for professional cosmetic treatment to remove or reduce your age spots.

Why Do I Still Get Acne and What Can I Do About It?

Have you tried face wash after face wash but still struggle with adult acne? You’re not alone. Thankfully, your dermatologist can provide comprehensive care. Keep reading to learn about the common causes of acne and what we can do to help.