What starts out as a tendency to flush or blush easily can sometimes become rosacea which causes redness that spreads to the nose, cheeks, and can even continue onto the forehead, ears, chest, and back.
Signs that you might have rosacea include blushing easily and redness in the center of your face along with tiny broken blood vessels. Your skin might also be sensitive, dry, rough, and even sting or burn.
Rosacea most often occurs in young to middle aged adults with fair skin. Women are more likely to have rosacea than men; people of all skin color can get rosacea. Often those who have had acne will also have rosacea. Children can also get rosacea.
While it is not known what causes rosacea, it is hereditary. Possible causes include the immune system’s overreaction to bacteria; a reaction to a protein meant to protect the skin; H Pylori is often detected in people with rosacea; and skin mites that live on everyone, but that might be in greater abundance on those with rosacea.
Rosacea treatment controls the symptoms of rosacea. Medications are prescribed to reduce the redness and rough feeling skin. Such medications include topical creams and ointments that help constrict blood vessels. Some other topical drugs that help reduce redness in mild rosacea are azelaic acid and metronidazole.
Oral antibiotics are sometimes prescribed to reduce inflammation caused by bacteria. These include doxycycline, tetracycline, and minocycline. For very severe rosacea, the drug isotretinoin may be suggested.
Laser therapy is also an option to treat rosacea.
If you are experiencing these symptoms, contact your neighborhood Northstar dermatologist to determine if you have rosacea, what kind, as well as ways to manage and treat it.